Oral, dental and maxillofacial surgery, as the name suggests, is a department where comprehensive treatments are performed. In this section where the scope of the treatment services offered is extremely wide; Treatment of many ailments such as simple to complicated tooth extractions, impacted wisdom and canine tooth extractions, implant and cyst operations, jaw fractures, lip-palate clefts and jaw structure disorders are provided. Depending on the patient’s condition and the physician’s decision, local or general anesthesia is applied in surgical procedures.
One of the first problems that come to mind when it comes to jaw surgery is wisdom teeth. Since the number of public hospitals with jaw surgery specialists is low, people look for a private polyclinic to support them in this regard. In the rest of our article, you can get more detailed information about which diseases you encounter can be treated by oral, dental and maxillofacial surgery.
Tooth extraction can turn into a complicated procedure due to problems in the structure or root of the tooth. Breaking the part of the tooth under the gingiva and removing the root of the tooth with a surgical operation as a result is a complicated procedure. This surgical procedure is performed under local anesthesia. After the gingiva is opened, the broken root is removed and the opened part is closed with the help of stitches.
Impacted Tooth Operation
Impacted tooth operation is performed in cases where the wisdom teeth partially protrude above the gingiva or cannot come out at all. Wisdom teeth, also called third molars, can cause discomfort by touching the cheek or pinching other teeth, even if they come out. As long as there is no problem, these teeth do not need to be removed.
Sedation, local anesthesia, general anesthesia can be done even if it is not very often, during the impacted wisdom tooth surgery. Sedation is preferred for patients who cannot get rid of their anxiety and cannot overcome their fear. During sedation, the patient is in a deep sleep state, although conscious.
In embedded wisdom tooth surgery, the gingiva is opened after the area is anesthetized, and the tooth is removed after the surrounding bone is removed. In some cases, it is not possible to remove the tooth in one piece. For this reason, the physician removes all the parts one by one and completes the process by suturing in the last step. Stitches are removed after a week or 10 days.
After the operation, your doctor prepares a prescription. This prescription includes antibiotics, pain relievers and mouthwash that you will use for 5 days. Applying cold to the operation area will minimize the swelling that will occur. After the operation, you should pay attention to smoking and maintain your oral hygiene so that the area does not become infected.
Implant treatment aims to have a new tooth for the patient with the artificial root to be placed in the first place and the veneer to be made after the lost teeth. During this process, products made of titanium material are used as roots. After the root is placed, a period of 2 to 6 months must be waited for the coating to be applied. Here are the factors that determine the duration; bad habits, oral hygiene and bone structure.
It is important that the patient’s bone structure is suitable for implant treatment. In cases with severe bone loss, bone formation can be achieved through artificial grafts. If bone grafts are used, the waiting time for bone fusion is longer. Depending on the technique used and the graft preferred, the waiting period may take up to 8 months. The prostheses to be made at the end of the waiting period have an aesthetic appearance suitable for the patient’s oral structure. The prostheses to be used can be metal-supported porcelain or zirconium, according to the joint decision of the patient and the physician.
Treatment of Abscess and Cysts
Abscess may occur in the mouth due to different reasons such as not treating caries for a long time or not paying attention to oral hygiene. Abscesses that occur with the accumulation of inflammation; It manifests itself with symptoms such as pain, fever, swelling and tenderness. Since tooth abscess is an infection, it is a condition that should not be neglected. If the infection spreads, there may be serious life-threatening situations. Cysts contain solid matter, air, and liquid. Since the cysts do not cause pain in the first place, they may not be noticed. It can lead to jawbone enlargement, loss of facial sensation and disfigurement of other teeth. Dental cysts need to be treated in a timely manner.
Tumors are lesions that occur in the soft tissues of the mouth. Tumor symptoms can also reflect on the outer part of the face, causing a bad appearance. Other symptoms can be listed as numbness in the lower lip, difficulty in swallowing, shaking of the teeth, and bleeding in the mouth. Conditions such as not paying attention to oral hygiene, excessive consumption of alcohol and cigarettes, and prolonged exposure to unprotected sunlight can cause jaw tumors. The condition of these lesions, which can be benign or malignant, is determined as a result of the pathological evaluation. If it is benign, the problem is solved by surgery, but different methods such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy are applied in malignant tumors.
Jawbone and Facial Fractures
Jawbone fracture and other fractures in the face area develop due to external blows. Such fractures cause very serious problems. It becomes very difficult to breathe, speak and even eat. Fractures that occur in the face area are treated similarly to a fracture that occurs elsewhere in your body. In order for the broken bones to fuse with each other, they must stand still for a certain period of time. For this, wrapping is done and wire application is preferred in advanced cases. It takes about 6 weeks for jawbone fractures to heal. After the healing process, the patient should be careful and not consume excessively solid foods.
Cleft lip and palate is a developmental disorder that occurs while in the womb. The lip and palate development, which is completed in the first 12 weeks, remains incomplete in some babies. This situation may be related to genetic factors, as well as the mother’s bad habits, vitamin deficiency, advanced age of the mother and consanguineous marriage. Studies have shown that this problem is seen in one out of every thousand babies. At least 3 months old for the baby to have cleft lip surgery; For cleft palate, it should be at least 7 months old. At the same time, an orthodontic intervention may be required before surgery depending on the size of the cleft. With this intervention, the cleft is narrowed.
Salivary Gland Diseases
There are different types of salivary gland diseases such as tumors, infections and stones. Infections are the easiest to treat. Infections that occur in the form of unilateral swelling, redness and tenderness can be eliminated with antibiotic treatment recommended by the physician. Infections cause pain in the area where they are found and are therefore easy to diagnose. Salivary gland infection also causes dry mouth.
Tumors are a much more serious condition compared to infection. The treatment modality of tumors classified as benign and malignant also changes accordingly. There is a danger of being noticed late by the patient because they grow more slowly and do not cause pain. In order to determine whether the tumor is benign or malignant, intraoral imaging techniques are used and a biopsy is applied to the area
Jaw Structure Disorders
DentaVina Dental Clinic supports you through its specialist physicians in the treatment of diseases that fall under the scope of oral and maxillofacial surgery. In order to detect the disease at an early stage, the dentist should not delay your examination; You should come for a check-up at least every 6 months. In order for the treatments to be successful, it is important to follow the advice given by your doctor and to use your medications regularly. You can get treatment in our clinic, where the latest technology imaging devices are available, by making your appointment right away.